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Dutch History

The History of the Netherlands, represented in a timeline.

  • 1st century BC: numerous tribes (mostly Frisians and Batavians) become the area’s first inhabitants.
  • 4th century: Barbarians invade the area.
  • 1275: Amsterdam is founded.
  • 1421: Storm causes a flood that drown approximately 10.000 inhabitants.
  • 1516: King of Spain Charles V inherites the Netherlands.
  • 1578: Amsterdam abandons the Spanish and Catholic cause.
  • 1579: The Union of Utrecht unites the northern Low Countries.
  • 1581: The United Provinces declare their independence from Spain.
  • 1602: The United East India is founded.
  • 1642: Rembrandt paints The Night Watch.
  • 1648: End of war with Spain; Dutch independence recognised.
  • 1795: Velvet Revolution; French occupy the Netherlands.
  • 1806 - 1810: Louis Bonaparte (Napoléon's brother) becomes king of the Netherlands.
  • 1813: The Netherlands regains independence.
  • 1814: The country becomes Kingdom of the Netherlands headed by Willem l of the House of Oranje-Nassau.
  • 1830: Belgium rebels against the Netherlands and breaks free.
  • 1920: KLM launces the world’s first scheduled air service.
  • 1922: Dutch women get the vote.
  • 1928: Olympic Games are held in Amsterdam.
  • 1940: Germany invades and conquers the Netherlands four days after the aerial bombardment of Rotterdam.
  • 1944 - 1945: Thousands die during the Hunger Winter.
  • 1948: Benelux customs union takes effect.
  • 1949: The Dutch East Indies receives its independence as Indonesia; the Netherlands joins NATO.
  • 1952: The Netherlands founding member of European Coal and Steel Community.
  • 1958: The Netherlands joins the European Economic Community.
  • 1975: The Netherlands grants independence to Surinam; use of cannabis is decriminalised.
  • 1980: Queen Juliana retired and succeeded by her daughter Beatrix.
  • 1987: The Homomonument is unveiled.
  • 2001: The world’s first same sex marriage takes place in Amsterdam.
  • 2002: Euro replaces the Dutch guilder; regulated euthenasia is legalised.
  • 2005: Dutch voters reject EU constitution.
  • 2010: The Netherlands withdraws its soldiers from Afghanistan.

Source IamExpat

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