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Geography

The geography of the European Netherlands is unusual in that much of its land has been reclaimed from the sea and is below sea level, protected by dikes.

It is a small country with a total area of 41,545 km2 (16,041 sq mi)[1] and ranked 131st. With a population of 17.4 million[2] and density of 521/km2 (1,350/sq mi) makes it the second most densely populated member of the European Union after Malta, and the 12th most densely populated country in the world, behind only three countries with a population over 16 million. Consequently, the Netherlands is highly urbanized.

Continent Europe
Region Western Europe
Coordinates 52°22′N 4°53′E
Area Ranked 131st
Total 41,545 km² (16,041 sq mi)
Land 80.59%
Water 19.41%
Coastline 451 km (280 mi)
Borders Total land borders: 1,027 km2 (397 sq mi)
Highest point Vaalserberg, 322.7 m (1,059 ft)
Lowest point Zuidplaspolder (Nieuwerkerk aan den IJssel) -7 m (-23 ft)
Longest river Rhine, 764 km (475 mi)
Largest lake IJsselmeer, 1,100 km2 (420 sq mi)
Exclusive economic zone 154,011 km2 (59,464 sq mi)
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