The geography of the European Netherlands is unusual in that much of its land has been reclaimed from the sea and is below sea level, protected by dikes.
It is a small country with a total area of 41,545 km2 (16,041 sq mi) and ranked 131st. With a population of 17.4 million and density of 521/km2 (1,350/sq mi) makes it the second most densely populated member of the European Union after Malta, and the 12th most densely populated country in the world, behind only three countries with a population over 16 million. Consequently, the Netherlands is highly urbanized.
|Total||41,545 km² (16,041 sq mi)|
|Coastline||451 km (280 mi)|
|Borders||Total land borders: 1,027 km2 (397 sq mi)|
|Highest point||Vaalserberg, 322.7 m (1,059 ft)|
|Lowest point||Zuidplaspolder (Nieuwerkerk aan den IJssel) -7 m (-23 ft)|
|Longest river||Rhine, 764 km (475 mi)|
|Largest lake||IJsselmeer, 1,100 km2 (420 sq mi)|
|Exclusive economic zone||154,011 km2 (59,464 sq mi)|